Alabama became the 22nd State in the Union on December 14th, 1819
Alabama Code §11-44-130 through 11-44-134 gives citizens the right to recall some local elected representatives.
Alabama Allows: Recalls and Initiatives
- Initiatives and Referenda - Birmingham County Only.
Must be related to Health and Safety in City Code 11-3A.
- Recalls - In Municipalities with Commission form of government.
- Signature Requirements:
- Initiatives - 10% of qualified electors.
- Recalls: 3% of the registered voters in the municipality or 30% of those who voted in the last election.
- Time Limit: NONE
- Initiatives and Referenda - Birmingham County Only.
Alaska was the 49th State to Join the Union on January 3rd, 1959.
Alaska Allows: Statutes, Referenda and Recalls
- Signature Requirements as of 2014 for Statutes and Referenda is 30,169
- Recalls - 25%
Arizona became the 48th state in the Union on February 14, 1912.
Section 1 of Article 21 to Arizona's State Constitution that allows for the people of Arizona to implement a constitutional citizen checks and balances system.
Arizona Allows: Statutes, Amendments, Referendums, Recalls, Nominations
- Signatures needed as of July 5th, 2014.
- Amendment - 259,213 - 15% of those who participated in the last gubernatorial vote.
- Statute - 172,809 - 10% of those who participated in the last gubernatorial vote.
- Veto Referendum - 86,405 - 5% of those who participated in the last gubernatorial vote.
- Recall - 25% of the votes cast for in the last election for that office.
- Arizona allows for local ballot measures.
- Current Deadline - July 5th 2014
- Maximum time to collect signatures next cycle - 24 Months
Arkansas joined the Union in 25th on June 15th, 1836
Article 5 Section 1 of the Arkansas Constitution gives citizens the right to Amendments, Statutes, Referenda, Recalls and Nomination.
- Signature Requriements as of 2014:
- Amendments - 78,133 signatures - 10%
- Statutes 62,507 signatures - 8%
- Referenda 46,880 signatures - 6%
- Deadline: NONE
California became the 31st State in the Union on September 9, 1850.
Article II of the California Constitution declares Voting Initiative, Refrendum and Recall rights are to be provided to the citizens of the state.
California Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Veto Referenda, Recalls and Nominations
- Signatures Required as of 2014
- Amendment - 807,615 - 8% of the most recent gubernatorial vote
- Statute - 504,760 - 5% of the most recent gubernatorial vote
- Veto Referendum 504,760 - 5% of the most recent gubernatorial vote
- Recall - For Statewide Recalls,12% of the votes from the last vote for that office are required. For all other offices, 20% of the voters are required.
- Filing Deadline - Maximum of 150 days to circulate, 131 days before the next statewide election.
Colorado became the 38th State in the Union on August 1, 1876.
Section 1 of Article 5 of the Colorado Constitution states that the people have the right to create citizen propositions to vote for or against laws independent of the general assembly of the state.
Colorado Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Referendua, Recalls and Nominations
- Signature Requirements for 2014 for Amendments, Statutes and Referenda is equal to 5% of the voters who particiapted voted for Secretary of State in the last general election.
- 86,105 signatures are required to qualify an Amendment, Statute or Referndum on the ballot.
- Recalls require 25% of the voters who voted in the last election for the office to be recalled.
Connecticut became the 5th State in the Union on January 9, 1788
Article XII of the Connecticut Constiution provides for the process of Amendments to be put before the voters along with the right of Constitutional Convention. Some communities have the right to recall officials by special "home rule"
Connecticut Citizens can create create: Local Initiatives and Referenda and Recalls
- State Statutes Title 7. Chapter 99 states All Charter Cities are mandated to have Initaitive and Referenda rights on Ordinances
- Amendments can qualify by: 75% of the legislature voting in favor of them or a simple majority voting in favor two sessions in a row.
- Constitutinoal Conventions can qualify by: 2/3 of the legislature voting for it. New Amendments will be considred and the ones chosen are then put before the voters to approve.
- Connecticut has limited Recall rights.
Delaware was the 1st State to join the Union on December 7th, 1787.
§ 802 Allows Delaware City and Newport Charters issue Initiatives and Referneda.
Delaware Allows: Local Initiatives, Referenda and Nominations.
- Signature Requirements for Initiatives and Referenda - Delaware City - 25% of voters signatures , Newport 50% of voters signatures.
- Title 22: Municipalities Ch. 8: Home Rule Subchapter I. General Provisions § 802 allows for Charter cities with populations of 1000 or more can create charter amendments.
- Nominations: Federal Offices, State Executive Offices and Legislature
Washington D.C. became the Capitol of the U.S.A. on July 16, 1790
DC Code Section 1-1001.16 or Chapter 10 of the Board of Elections and Ethics Regulations (DCMR Title 3: Elections and Ethics) provides D.C. citizens to Initiative and Referenda.
- Signature Requirements: 5% of all registered voters in the city.
- Deadlines. 180 days.
Florida became the 27th State in the Union on March 3rd, 1845.
Article XI, Section 3 states the people of Florida can initiate constitutional amendments.
- Floridians are Empowered by: Constitutional Amendment Initiatives
- Signature Requirements as of 2014;
- A constitutional amendment requires 8% of the registered voters who voted in the last presidential election. Today that means we need 683,149 registred voters signatures to qualify an initiative for the ballot.
Georgia became the 4th state in the Union on January 2nd, 1788.
Most cities in Georgia have the right to citizen initiatives and referenda. The General Assembly of the Charter Cities can put forward voters initiatives and referenda, Article X of the Georgia Constitution provides 2 methods for the amending the Constitution: Legislative Referral and Constitutional Convention. Legislative Referrals or Constitutional Conventions require 2/3rds of the Legislators Vote. Constitutional Conventions create new Amendments that only pass if approved by the voters.
Georgia Allows: Legislative Referrals, Constitutional Conventions and Recalls.
- Article II, Section II, Paragraph 4 provides the Georgian Citizens the right to Recall.
- Signature Requirements:
- Local Legislative Referral - 15% to 25% of the registered electors.
- Recalls - 15% of the voters who voted for the office of the incumbant in the last election.
- Deadline: 90 Days
Hawaii became the 50th State in the Union on August 21, 1959
Article VIII section 2 gives Hawaiian Citizens the right to Home Rule.
Hawaii Allows: County Initiatives and Refereda
- Initiatives can be used for Charter Amendments and Ordinances
Idaho Became the 43rd State to Join the Union on July 3rd 1980.
Title 50 Chapter 5 provides all cities the right to Initiatives and Referenda. Article XX provides Idaho the right to Constitutional Convention, and Legislative Referrals. Constitutional Conventions and Legislative Referals are only allowed to be called on by the 2/3 of the State Senate and the House of Representatives. Article XII provides Idaho Citizens the right to Recall all Elected Officials except Judges.
Idaho Citizens have the right to: Constitutional Conventions, Statutes, Recalls, Nominations and Legislative Referals
Signature Requirements Upon Legislative Referral:
- Statutes and Veto Referenda for the 2014 require 53,751 signatures, or 6% of registered voters from the last general election.
- Initiative and Referenda for Cities and Counties: 20% of the qualified electors who voted in the last general election.
- Recalls - 20% of the voters who voted in the last election for incumbent to be recalled. The replacement has to be from the same party and then chosen by the Governor.
- Nominations: Partisan Candidates and Independents - U.S. Senate - 1000 signatures or $500 - U.S. House 500 signatures or $300 - Statewide Executive Offices - 1000 signatures or $200 - $300 - State Legislature - $30
- Write Ins for all seats only have to file a motion of intent.
Illinois was the 21st State to join the Union on December 3rd 1818.
The Illinois Governor Recall Amendment gives citizens the right to petition to recall their governors. This is extremely limited and requires 20 State Representatives and 10 State Senators as well as a 60% super majority approval.
Illinois Allows: Constitutional Conventions, Recall limited to Governor Only, Nominations and Non-Binding Advisory Measures.
Local Ordinances - Some ordinances have a "home rule" provision and they can be used to provide the people with the right to put only non-binding advisory ballot measures in front of the legislature.
Constitutional Convention: 8% of the total votes cast for governor.
Recalls - Recall for Governor can be called by the State Legislature.
Senate: Party- 5000 - 10,000 signatures of their party - Independents - 25,000 or 1% of voters who voted in the last election, which ever is less.
Congress - Party 0.5% of signatures of members in their party in their district - Independents
Indiana became the 19th State in the Union in December 11th, 1816
Indiana has NO Initiative, Referenda or Recall Rights, only Nominations and Legislative Referrals.
U.S. Senate and State Execytive Offices - Party Candidates require 4,500 Signatures from at least 500 from each of the nine congressional districts.
U.S. House and State Legislature - Party Candidates - Only a Declaration of Candidacy is required.
For all Nominations: Libertarians are selected by convention and not required to file. Independents and Minor Parties require 2% of the signatures of the voters who voted in the Secretary of State's election in their particular district they are running for office in.
Deadlines: Democrats and Republicans - January to Febuary, Independents and Minor Parties January to July
Legislative Referals require a simple minority of the legislators in in both chambers.
Iowa became the 29th State in the Union on December 28th, 1846
Iowa has NO citizen proposition processes.
Iowa Code Section 362.4 provides statutes and referenda rights in charter cities by legislative referral only.
Kansas was the 34th state to enter the union Jan. 29th 1861.
Section 2 of Article 4 of the Kansas Constitution grants Kansas citizens the right to recall.
Kansas Citizens have the right to Citizen Grand Jury.
- Kansas Citizens have the right to change local ordinances by initaitive and referendum in every one of it's 626 cities.
- 2/3 of the legislature can put forth Constitutional Amendments for the public vote.
- One can review links to laws regarding citizen local ballot measures in Kansas
More Info HERE
- Signature Deadlines - Initiatives - 180 days from the collection of the first signature.
- Referendum - 60 days from the day a publication was published in accordance with statue 12-1-37
Kentucky became the 15th State to join the Union on June 1st, 1792
Kentucy Allows: Limited Citizen Refernda, Legislative Referals, Constitutional Convention
The Constitution can be amended by Legislative Referal Amendments or Consitutional Conventions.
Kentucky has limited rights for local Citizen Referenda.
Partisan Candidates: 2 signatures and $500 filing fee.
Independent Candidates: U.S. Senate and Statewide Executive Offices require 5000 signatures. The U.S. House requires 400 signatures and all three require a $500 filing fee. State Legislature requires 100 signatures and a $200 filing fee.
Write In Candidates: Declaration of Intent and $50 filing fee.
Louisiana became the 18th State January 30th, 1812
Section 26 Article 10 of the Louisiana Constitution gives citizens the right to Recall, Home Rule Charters, Legislative Referrals and Legislative Constitutional Conventions
Article 6 Part 1 Section 5 give all Charter Cities and Counties the right to Initiaitive
Only a few counties and cities have current Initiative and/or Referenda rights. Alexandria, Houma, Monroe, Bossier, Lafeyette, Shreveport
Home Rule Charters - 10% to 20% of the signatures from registered voters in the district, depending on the city.
Recalls: 30% of voters who voted in the last election - 40% if district has less than 1000 people.
Deadlines: Recalls: 180 days - 90 days if district has less than 1000 people.
Maine became the 23rd State in the Union in March 15, 1820
Article IV, Part 3, Section 17-22 Allows for Citizen Initiative and Referendum Process.
Maine Allows: Amendments, Local Initiatives, Referenda, Recalls and Nomination.
Initiatives and Veto Referenda require 57,277 signatures, 10% of the voters who voted in the last Gubernatorial election.
Maximum signature collection time: 18 Months
Maryland was the 7th State to join the Union on April 28th, 1788
Article XI Section 4 provides Maryland citizens the right to home rule charter amendments by initiative process.
Maryland Code Article 25 A 8 provides Maryland citizens the right to referrenda.
Maryland Allows: Referenda, Nomination and Home Rule Charter Amendments
Signature Requirements as of 2014:
Referenda: State Wide Referenda - 55,736 - 3% of votes cast for governor in the last election. Local Referenda - 10% of the gubernatorial votes in the district.
Nominations:Partisan Candidates, Greens and Libertarians - U.S. Senate. $290 filing fee - U.S. Congress - $100 filing fee - State House or Legislature $50 filing fee
Write In Candidates submit certificate of candidacy.
Charter Amendments: 20% or 10,000 voters signatures. Available in only select areas. Cities: Allegany, Caroline, Charles, Kent, Queen Anns, Worcester Counties: Anne Arundle, Baltimore, Dorchester, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Talbot, Wicomico
Referenda - The first deadline for 2/3rds of the signatures on a referendum petition is 40 days after a contriversial law goes into affect.
Charter Amendments: NONE
Massachusets became the 6th State in the Union February 6th 1788
Article XLVIII of the Mssachusets Constitution provides that people have the right to Initiatives and Referenda.
Massachusets Allow: Amendments, Statutes, Veto Referendum, Recalls and Nominations
Amendments and Statutes - 80,396
Veto Refernda - 45,941
Local Initiative and Referenda are available
Recall - Available in some jurisdictions
Michigan became the 26th State in the Union on January 26th, 1837.
Article XII section 2 states the people of Michigan and initiate Constitutional amendments with at least 10% of the voters signatures who voted in the last Gubernatorial election.
Michigan Allows: Amendments, Statute, Referenda, Recall and Nomination
- Signature Requriements for 2014
- Amendments - 322,609 - 10%
- Statutes - 258,087 - 8%
- Referenda - 161,304 - 5%
- Recalls - 25% of the votes cast for Governor
Minnesota became the 38th State in the Union on May 11th 1858
Article VIII Section 6 gives Minnesota Citizens the right to Recall but only because of malfeasence, nonfeasence, and serios crimes of mistemenors or felonies
Article XII Section 5 gives Charter Counties and Cities the "home rule" right to initiative on charter amendments.
Minesota Allows: Recalls, Legislative Referalls
Recalls - 25% of votes cast for the office to be recalled.
City Charter Amendments require 5% to 15% of those who voted in the last State General Eleciton in the city.
Recalls - 90 days
City Charter Amendments: 17 weeks before the general election.
Mississippi became the 20th State to Enter the Union on December 10, 1817.
Article XV of the Mississippi Constitution gives citizens the rights citizen propositions.
Mississippi Allows: Amendments, Referenda, Recalls, Nominations, Legislativly Referred Constitutional Amendments, Local Code and Private Charter Initiatives
Signature Requirements as of 2014:
Amendments - 107,216 signatures = 12% of those who voted in the last Gubernatorial election.
Nominations: Filing Fee of $15 to $300 and 15 - 1000 signatures.
Code and Charter Initiatives - 20% of the qualified electors of the private charter cities. Local initiatives are allowed in Port Gibson, Rosedale, Okolona, Water Valley, Fulton, Carthage, Aberdeen, Louisville, Waveland, Indianola, West Point, Yazoo City, McComb, Corinth, Grenada, Natchez, Horn Lake, Columbus, Vicksburg, and Greenville.
Missouri was the 24th State to join the Union on August 10th 1821
Article III Section 49 to 53 gives the citizens of Missouri the right to citizen propositions.
Missouri Allows: Amendments, Statutues, Referenda, Local Recalls and Nominations and Legislative Referral and Constitutional Convention
Amendments and Referenda - 8% of the voters - Refereda - 5% of the voters
Nominations: Partisan Candidates U.S. Senate and Statewide Offices- $200, U.S. House - $100, State Legislature $50. Independent Candidates for all offices but legislature - 10,000 registered missouri voters.
Local Recalls 25%
Deadlines: Referenda - 90 days after passage of law to be referred to the voters. Constitutional Convention - Automatic every 20 years
Montana became the 41st state in the Union on November 8, 1889.
Section 9 of Article XIV of the Montana Constitution states that the electors of the state can qualify an initiated constitutional amendment with signatures equal to 10% of the voters.
Montana Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Referenda, Recalls and Nominations
- Signature Requirements for 2014
- Amendments - 48,349 - 10% of the votes cast for Governor
- Statutes - 24,174 5% of the votes cast for Governor
- Refereda - 24,174 5% of the votes cast for Governor
- Recalls Statewide Officers - 10% of the votes cast for the office to be recalled. District Officers - 15%
Nebraska became the 37th State in the Union March 1, 1867
Article III of the Nebraska Constitution declares the citizens rights to Initiative.
RS 32-1303 allows the citizens the right to Recall.
Nebraska Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Veto Referenda, Recalls for Local Officials and Nominations
Amendments - 10% of registered voters
Statutes - 7% of registered voters
Veto Referenda 5% - 10% of registered voters
Recalls - 25% of the voters who voted in the last election for the official in the office to be recalled.
Nominations - Candidates are required to pay a fee that varies depending on the office sought.
Nevada became the 36th State in the Union on October 31, 1864
Article 19 Section 2 declares the citizens of Nevada have the right to citizens initiative.
Nevada Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Statue Affirmations, Referenda, Recalls and Nominations
- 2014 Signature Requirements for all Citizen Propositions; 10% of voters in the last election = 101,666
- Recalls - 25% of those who "actually" voted in the election for the candidate subject to be recalled.
- Nominations - 250 signatures to get on the ballot
- Laws Regarding Local Ballot Measures - Nevadan Citizens can put local initiative and referenda on the ballot.
New Hampshire became the 9th state in the Union in June 21, 1788.
Charter 49 B Delcares the Citizens of New Hampshire have the right to local initaitive and referendum
New Hampshire allows: Local Charter Amendments
Signature Requirements: 20% of the voters who voted in the last election.
New Jersey became the 3rd State in the Union on December 18th 1787.
Section 2(b) of Article 1 of the New Jersey Constitution allows for the right of Recall.
Article IV, Sections VII, Paragraph 10 grants Charter governments the right to petition the legislature for Initaitive and Referenda rights.
New Jersey Allows:, Recalls, Nominations, Local Initiatives, Local Referenda and Legislative Referrals
- Signature Requirements:
- Recalls: 25% of the voters who voted in the district in the last Gubernatorial election.
- Nominations: U.S. Senate and Governor: Partisan Candidates - 1000 signatures - Independent Candidates - 800 signatures U.S. House - 200 signatures, State Legislature: Partisan and Independent Party - 100 signatures.
- Local Initiative and Referenda: 10% to 15% of votes cast in the last election for the General Assembly. Only allowed in Atlantic, Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Mercer and Union
- Deadlines: Referenda: 20 days after passage of the measure to be referred. Recalls: Governor - 320 days - Other Executive Offices - 160 days
New Mexico became the 47th State in the Union on January 6th 1912.
Article IV Section 1 of the New Mexico Constitution provides citizens the right to Veto Referenda.
NM Statutes 3 - 14 - 18 and 3 - 1 - 5 authorize Initaitive for Commission Manager form of government.
Article XIX of the New Mexico Constitution provides procedure for Legislative Referrals and Constitutional Conventions.
§9 of Article 10 of the New Mexico Constitution (county officials), in §14 of Article 12 (school officials), and in NMSA 3-14-16 (elected officials in commission-manager municipalities) allows for the right to Recall.
New Mexico Allows: Citizen Grand Jury, Nominations, Local Recalls, Local Initaitive and Referenda, Legislative Referrals, and Constitutional Convention.
Home Rule allows 11 cities to have Initaitive and Referendum rights indlucing: Alamogordo, Albuquerque, Clovis, Gallup, Grants, Hobbs, Las Cruces, Las Vegas, Rio Rancho, Santa Fe and Los Alamos
Signature Requirments: Referenda: 60,770 - 10% of the voters who voted in the last General Election. Local Initaitive 20% of the voters who voted in the last municipal elections. Recall - 33.3% of the voters who voted in the last election of the office helt.
Nominations: Varied Fee and Signature Requriements
Dealines: Recall: NONE
New York was the 11th State to join the Union on July 26, 1788.
New York Consolidated Laws, Municipal Home Rule, Article 4, Part 2, §37 gives New York citizens the right to Home Rule and binding local charter amendments.
New York Allows: Local Initiatives
Local Initaitives are allowed in all Cities and in Suffolk County.
Signature Requirements: Local Initaitives require two rounds of signatures. First Round: 10% or 33,000 whichever is less, to get on infront of the legislature for approval, if the legislature fails to approve the measures proponents of local initiatives can gather a Second Round of an additional 5% of 15,000 whichever is less, to put their measure on the ballot.
Nominations; U.S. Senate and Statewide Executive Offices: 15,000 signatures - U.S. House: Partisan Candidates - 1,250, Independent Candidates - 3,500 - State Senate: Parisan Candidates - 1000 signatures, Independent Candidates - 3000 signatures - House of Representatives: Partisan Candidates 500 signatures - Independent Candidates: 1,500 signatures
Charter Amendments: First Round: NONE - Second Round: between two to four months after the First Round.
Constitutional Convention - Automatic every 20 years.
North Carolina was the 12th State to join the Union on November 21, 1789
NC General Statute Section 160A-104 gives charter initiative rights to charter cities.
North Carolina Allows: Local Initiaitives and Referenda (Greensboro and Raleigh only) and Nominations
Local Initaitives: Greensboro - 25% , Raleigh - 10% of the voters who voted in the last general election.
Deadline: One Year
North Dakota was the 39th State to join the Union on November 2nd 1889
Article III of the North Dakota Constitution declares the citizens rights to propositions.
North Dakota Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Referenda, Recall, Nomination, Local Initaitives and Referenda, Legislative Referals and Constititonal Conventions
Amendments - 26,904 = 4% of the population
Statutes and Referenda - 13,452 = 2% of the population
Recalls 25% of the voters who voted in the last election in the district to be recalled.
Nominations - U.S. Senate, House and Executive Officer - Party Candidates - 300 signature or 3% of the voters who voted in the last election. Independent Candidates - 1000 signatures - State Legislature- 300 signatures or 1% of the voters who voted in the last election.
Local Initaitive and Refereda in Cities and Counties - 15%
Deadlines: 1 Year on all propositoins. All signatures must be turned in 90 days prior to the election.
Ohio became the 17th State to join the Union on March 1st, 1803.
Article XVI gives Ohio citizens the rights to Initaitive and Referenda
ORC §705.92 gives Ohio citizens the right to Recall.
Ohio Allows: Amendmenets, Statutes, Referenda, Recalls, Nominations
Signature Requirements for 2014: All measures require an initial 1000 signatures and then a percentage of the votes cast for Governor in the last election.
Amendments: 385,247 signatures = 10%
Statutes and Referenda: 231,149 signatures = 6%
Recalls - 15%
Nominations: Small Fee and Small Signature Requirement
Deadlines: Initiative Amendents and Statutes must be turned in 125 days before general elections. Referenda signature must be filed within 90 days.
Oklahoma was the 46th State to join the Union on November 16th, 1907
Article 5 of the Oklahoma Constitution gives the citizens the right to Initiatives and Referenda
Article 2, Section 18 of the Oklahoma Constitution gives citizens the right to Citizen Grand Jury
Oklahoma Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Referenda, Recall, Nomination, Citizen Grand Jury and Constitutional Convention
Signature Requirements as of 2014:
Amendments - 155,216 - 15% of registered voters who voted in the last Gubernatorial election.
Statutes - 82,782 - 8% of registered voters who voted in the last Gubernatorial election.
Referenda 51,739 - 5% of registered voters who voted in the last Gubernatorial election.
Recalls - 25% of the voters who voted in the last election for the incumbent to be recalled.
Nomination - U.S. Senate $1000 fee. U.S. House $750 fee. Legislature $30 for Partisan Candidates - Free for Non-Affiliated Candidates
County Citizen Grand Jury - 500 - 5000 signatures or the same amount for a county initiative.
Deadlines: Amendments, Statutes, Referenda and Recalls - 90 days from beginning circulation. Citizen Grand Juries - 45 days.
Orgeon became the 33rd State in the Union on Febuary 14, 1859.
Article IV Section 1 of the Oregon Constitution declares the citizens have the rights to ballot propositions.
Oregon Allows: Amendments, Statutues, Referenda, Recalls & Nominations.
Signature Requirements as of 2014.
Amendments - 116,284 - 8%
Statutes - 87,213 - 6%
Refereda - 58,142 - 4%
Recalls - 15%
Nominations - U.S. Senate 500 signatures. U.S. House - 300 signatures
Pennsylvania was the 2nd State to join the Union on December 12th, 1787
Title 53, Chapter 29, Subchapter C provides citizens rights to Home Rule charter amendments.
Pennsylvania Allows. Limited Initiative rights in Charter Cities and Thrid Class Cities with Home Rule provisions and Legislative Referalls.
Signature Requriements: Local Amendments - 10% of the signatures of voters who voted for governer in the district.
Deadlines: 7 weeks.
Rhode Island became the 13th State to join the Union on May 29th, 1790
Article 4 Section 1 of the Rhode Island Constitution allows citizens the right to Recall.
Article XIII of the Rhode Island Constitution allows citizens the right to Charter Amendments.
Rhode Island Allows: Recall, Local Initiative and Referenda
I&R is available in 8 cities: Providence, Warwick, Cranston, Pawtucket, East Providence, Woonsocket, Newport, and Central Falls
Recalls - 15% of the votes cast for Governor in the district of the incumbant to be recalled.
Local I&R - Signature amounts vary by the city.
Deadlines: Recalls - 90 days
South Carolina was the 8th State to join the Union on May 23rd, 1788.
South Carolina Code of Laws 5-17-10 provides citizens in all cities and counties Initaitives and Referenda rights.
South Carolina allows: Local Home Rule for I&R, Nominations, Legislative Referrals and Legislative Constitutional Conventions.
Signature Requirments: Initiatives and Refernda - 15% of registered voters in the last municipal election.
Nomination: Small fee, convention appointment or signatures from 5% of active registered voters in the district.
Deadlines: Referereda are required to be filed within 60 days of the ordinance to be reffered.
South Dakota was the 40th State to join the Union on November 2nd 1889.
Article III of the South Dakota Constitution gives citizens the right to Initiative and Referenda
South Dakota Allows: Amendments, Statutes, Refereda, Local I&R, Recall and Nomination
Signature Requriements for 2014:
Amendments: 31,708 signatures = 10%
Statutes and Referenda: 15,854 signatures = 5%
Recall - 15% of the voters in the municipality
Nomination - U.S. House and U.S. Senate - 1% of the voters who voted in the last Gubernatorial election. Governor: 1% for Independents, 2.5% for new party candiddates.
Local I&R - 5% of the registered voters in the municiplaity
Deadlines: Statewide measures - 1 year, Local I&R and Recalls - 6 months
Tennessee was the 16th State in the Union on June 1st 1796
Article XI section 9 provides citizens the right to local charter amendment initiatives.
Tennessee Allows: Local Initiative and Referenda in select cities, local Recalls and Nominations
Local Charter Amendment Initiatives are allowed in: Algood, Bristol, Cookeville, Eagleville, Hartsville/Trousdale, Lynchburg/Moore, Gatlinburg, Nashville, Knoxville, Shelby, Chatanooga, Murfreesboro and Jackson
Local I&R 10% - 33% of the voters who voted in local elecitions that varies city to city.
Recalls - 15% - 66%
Nominations: 25 signatures for all offices.
Deadlines: Local I&R 60 - 80 days depending on the city. Recalls - No limit for School Board, 75 days for other local officials.
Texas was the 28th State to join the Union on December 29, 1845.
352 chater cities have the right to chater amendments for statues with local Initiative and Referenda.
320 charter cities have their own right to local recall of Mayors and City Councils.
Initiatives - vary from city to city
Recall - 3% to 51% varying from city to city.Read more...
Utah was the 45th State of the Union on January 4th 1896
Title 20, Chapter 7 provides details on Statewide Initaitive Statutes and Referenda
Article XI, Section 5 of the Utah Constitution provides Utah citizens the rights to local I&R
Utah Allows: Statutes, Referenda, Local Initiative and Referenda and Nominations.
Signature Requirements for 2014:
Statutes and Referenda - 102,879 = 10% of the votes for Govornor from the last election.
Local I&R for all Cities and Towns - Population determines the signature requirements -10,001 – 25,000: 12.5%; 2,501 – 10,000: 15%; 501 – 2,500: 20%; 251 – 500: 15%; 1-250: 30%;
Nomination: U.S. Senate and U.S. House - Partisan Candidates $1,350 filing fee. Minor Parities - 1000 signatures of Utah voters. State Legislature - Partisan Candidates - Small Filing Fee - Minor Parties - 300 signatures of Utah Voters
Deadlines: Local I&R 361 days Maximum. Signatures must be turned in before April 15th before the next General Election. Referenda signatures must be submitted 45 days before the next general election.
Vermont became the 10th State in the Union on March 4th 1791.
Vermont Allows: Nomination, Local Charter Amendment Referenda. The City of Birmingham allows Initiatives
Nominations - U.S. Senate and House - 500 signatures, State Senate - 100 signatures, State House - 50 sigantures
Birmingham Initaitive - 10% of the voters signatures
Referenda - 5% of the voters signatures
Virginia became the 10th State in the Union on June 25th 1788.
§ 24.2-233 provides Virginia citizens the right to Recall.
Virginia Allows: Recalls are avialable state wide, Initaitive and Referenda is avialable in 4 Charter Cities: Lynchburg, Hampton, Norfolk and Portsmouth
Local Initiative and Referenda - 10% - 30% depending on the city.
Recalls - 10% - 25% of the voters to voted for the office to be recalled in the last election.
Deadlines: I&R 60 - 120 days.
Washington became the 42nd State in the Union on November 11th, 1989
Article II of the Washington State Constitution provides rights for citizen Initiatives.
Washington Allows: Statutes, Local Ballot Measures, Refereda and Recalls
Signature Requirements for 2014:
Statutes: 246,372 signatures = 8%
Local Ballot Measures: 10% to 20% of votes cast for Mayor.
Referenda: 123,186 singatures = 4%
Recalls: 25% for Statewide Officers, 35% for local Recalls.
Deadlines: 6 MonthsRead more...
West Virgina has NO Initaitive, Refereda or Recall rights.
The only way to take back West Virginia for the people is by Nomination.
Good people need to run for office and challenge their governments corruption.
Wisconson became the 30th State to join the Union on May 29th. 1848.
Section 12 Article XIII of the Wisconson Constitution provides citizens the right to Recall.
Wisconson Statutes Section 9.20 authorizes citizens right to Local Initaitive.
Wisconson Allows. Recalls, Local Initiatives
Recalls - 25% of the voters who voted for the incumbant to be recalled
Local Initaitives 15% of the votes cast for Governor in the City or Village.
Deadlines: 60 days.
Wyoming became the 44th State to join the Union on July 10th, 1890.
Article 3 of the Wyoming Constitution provides citizens the right to Statewide Initaitives and Referenda.
Wyoming Allows: Initiative Statutes and Referenda
Wyoming would allow local I&R as described in State Statutes for Commission form of government cities, but today, there are none in the state that use this system.
State Initiative Statutes and State Referenda - 37,606 = 15% of the signatures of the voters who voted in the last General Election.
U.S. Senate, U.S. House and Governor. Partisan Candidates $250 filing fee - Minor Parties require 2% of the votes cast for the office saught in the last General Election, as well as for State Offices equaling 3,740 signatures as of 2012.
State Offices: Partisan Candidates $20 filing fee.
Label and Ban GMO Foods
Labeling GMO Food is about guaranteeing that we have the right to know if our food has been genetically engineered or not. It is a fundamental human right to know what the ingredients are, that are in our food, and no one should try to deny us that right. Furthermore, GMO foods have shown to cause genetic damage that can threaten all life on the planet, eliminating the ability for life to reproduce. We can also move to ban GMO crops in our states. Both efforts will make a huge impact in raising awareness about the serious health and environmental threats that come along with the expanding bio-tech industry.Read more...
Fracking is a dangerous environmental hazard created by the Energy Monopolies. They call natural gas "green" because it doesn't pollute when it's is burned, but this is just pure propaganda for the special interests who are profiting from it. The process of extracting natural gas from the earth uses chemicals that are so deadly, they use legal loopholes to restrict the transparency of their processes. Carcinogens are pumped into the water and this process destroys or limited fresh water reserves.Read more...
Public Safety and Law Enforcement Act
The Police authority has been getting in worse and worse in regard for human rights. Police have been caught out of control, killing or beating unarmed people for less and less reasons. The news doesn't talk about the police brutality problem and the government covers it up. Often, police are given "paid leave" rather than any consequence, that equates to nothing more than a paid vacation. Instead of getting punished they get rewarded, and often, no consequence is ever had.Read more...
Stop the Police Drone Spies
The police use of drones for war time purposes, in times of peace, upon the citizens those police are sworn to protect, appears to many as a blatant violation of our 4th Amendment rights. We should not be prayed on and followed. Big Brother is not doing anything constructive about spending money to spy on everyone. Drones just give them a maneuverable "eye in the sky" that allows them to track and trace your every move if they wished. Many who say, "if your not doing any thing wrong, it shouldn't matter," don't understand the negative implications of the police and military domestic spy grid.Read more...
Instant Runoff Voting
A major reason why third party candidates are never elected could have to do with our voting system. A winner takes all approach is not sufficient when we are expecting multiple candidates to run and when we are expecting candidates who don't take corporate funding to ever be able to win an election. Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) or Ranked Choice Voting (RCV), allows voters to make multiple selections as to who their top choices for candidates are, this way, there is more adequate representation for peoples second or third choice candidates. With IRV people can vote for third parties and they won't be "spoiler" votes.Read more...
End Nuclear Energy Now
Wasn't Fukashima a wake up call? We can not continue to risk our future with an unsafe Nuclear industry.There are many other means of producing electricity, and reducing electric needs, that can reduce our dependance on nuclear energy. The waste from Uranium mining and nuclear power plants is a very real threat to our planet. The very act of producing electricity from Uranium is a risk that our world can't afford. We need a series of energy solutions and we must utilize them, but until we stop Nuclear power, we will always be falling back on it because it's readily available, but at a cost. The subsidies from Nuclear energy, if directed towards clean energy solutions, would provide long term energy solutions that planet can live with.Read more...
Citizen Grand Jury
When the Courts decide not to prosecute, there are no checks and balances. Only with the Citizen Grand Jury (CGJ) process can citizens ensure a proper checks and balances on a judicial system gone blind to justice. The CGJ is currently only available in Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota and Oklahoma. This legislation created for Montana can be amended for any state where people seek more power to become checks and balances against corruption in government.Read more...
Stop Water Fluoridation
We have to accept the fact that Fluoride is a Neurotoxin and there are safer ways to clean our teeth. We should not be ingesting this chemical and it should not be absorbed in our skin, yet if it's added to our water supply so that industrial waste companies can profit by selling it to local municipalities, rather than have to pay to have it safely disposed of. Fluoride affects the pineal gland, hinders memory and causes a variety of health problems. It's affect on dulling the mind was known about in Nazi Germany and that is why they added it to the concentration camp water to stop resistance to their slave labor camps. It is a prime ingredient in ADHD medication and rat poison. Help us get it out of our water supply.Read more...
Chemtrails poison our air, water and soil. The Geo-Engineering phenomenon affects the entire United States and many other areas of the world. The corporation Evergreen is involved in top secret CIA operations involving patented spray systems to modify weather. The problem is that the methods used to reduce "global warming" by adding other deadly toxins in the air we breath, does not remedy the increasingly toxic environment that is threatening all life on the planet.Read more...
Create a True, Independent Citizens Commission to Investigate into the 9-11 Attacks
9-11 needs to be revisited. Now over a decade has passed since the indecent and we are still involved in massive war. If the people of this nation can implement the 9-11 investigation initiative, we can get to the root of our war problems. There are so many "smoking guns" that lead people to believe the government covered up what really happened, just like the JFK assassination. After all, building number 7, the CIA building fell at free fall speed and it wasn't even hit by a plane. Furthermore, it wasn't mentioned in the official 9-11 report made under the review of the Bush administration.The U.S.A. used "false flag" attacks in the past to start war, such as the golf of Tonkin and the Vietnam war. War was started on lies in the past, innocents died, and national debt increased tremendously. What if 9-11 was perpetrated by criminal rouge elements our own government or the military industrial complex or federal reserve for a profit motive? Who benefits from the aftermath of 9-11? We will investigate.Read more...
Stop Agenda 21
Agenda 21 is a Trojan horse disguised a altruistic plan to save the environment and the economy but with the price tag of complete global governance and authoritarian control. To save the environment, we need to stop subsidizing dirty energy, we need to implement the various "Free Energy" technologies that exist, use clean energy, grow industrial Hemp and implement other real clean solutions.Read more...
Ban Smart Meters
The amount of radiation emitted from "Smart Meters" is on a whole new level. Massive frequency transmitters will send info to the Power Utilities about every appliance use in your home. Adding a whole new level to erosion of the 4th amendment and while jamming your home's natural living frequencies with dangerously high radiation emitting satellite transmissions known to cause headaches, weaken immune systems and attribute to tumor formation. We need to Ban Smart MetersRead more...
The state bank is important because it stops fractional reserve lending and debt based economies indebted to the Federal Reserve. The only state in the nation with a state bank is North Dakota and they have no debt, as opposed to other state budgets. North Dakota got it's state bank back in the early 1900's as people became aware of the Federal Reserve and how to stop corruption in government. They made a huge success for the state for decades, simply by being ballot initiative activists.Read more...
10th Amendment Strengthening
We have collected several pieces of legislation to protect the States fundamental rights to have a valid Constitution, to protect our rights and liberties from the Federal Government intrusion. The 10th amendment declares that the States reserve the right to make their own laws. Today, the media and the government pushes the ideology that the Federal Government has the authority to decide all state activities, nothing could be further from our constitutional heritages. There would be no point to having states if the Federal Government decided all state laws. Each state needs to be viewed as a laboratory, with the rights to create their own laws and regulations, so that natural solutions to individual state's needs can be created, and so laws that could have negative effects on the states should be able to be nullified by the states upon their constituents will.Read more...
Fair Vote Paper Ballots are the ONLY way to secure an election. Without basic securities in elections, we no longer can consider ourselves a democratic republic or a nation that represents it's people. When elections are rigged, it's not for our benefit. We can save our elections, save our Republic, and save our Democracy. The people need to once and for all, come together on this one and support the Paper Ballots initiative. We should have a 99% victory at the polls. What even are the arguments for digital voting machines, when we can have paper ballots more free from possibility of fraudulent counts!Read more...
Hemp is the world's number one natural resource
Hemp is illegal because it is a threat to the elites who want to monopolize the oil, plastic, medicine, timber, textile and construction industries. There are thousands of industrial applications for hemp and it can create a multi-billion dollar green industrial revolution, revitalizing our economy, ending the exploitation of our forests, the need for oil and it's even a cure for cancer and many other illnesses.Read more...